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  • San Diego Zoo

Species Collection


Plants: Species

Fig (Ficus): Bo Tree Ficus religiosa

FAMILY: MORACEAE (Mulberry Family)

This fig species from India is reputed to be the one beneath which Buddha attained enlightenment. The sacred tree, with its smooth, rust-colored bark, is deciduous in the San Diego area. The medium-sized leaf, 5 inches (13 centimeters) wide by 6 inches (15 centimeters) long, is heart-shaped with a wide base and a long drip tip (see photo). The figs are less than an inch in diameter and turn dark purple as they mature.

The Bo tree is a popular browse item among the primates at the San Diego Zoo, when available.